Military Satellites are vital for the NCW and EW capabilities. India is developing a dedicated satellite to facilitate naval communication. A network centric warfare will be launched into geostationary orbit by ISRO in 2010. This satellite will facilitate the networking of Indian naval warships, submarines and aircraft among themselves as well as with operational centers ashore through high-speed data-links, allowing maritime threats to be detected and shared in real-time to ensure swift reaction. It would be a great asset for Indian navy’s command and control system in future conflicts against Pakistan.
Indian navy has recently added Kamov 31 AEW helicopter from Russia. AEW capability is vital for the Indian Navy to remain central to its surface and sub-surface fleet to undertake assigned mission and tasks at sea. This capability will provide Indian Navy with freedom of action at sea against any possible clash with Pakistan. India navy has signed a deal worth of $1 billion USD with the US Air Force for the multi-role helicopters with the Lockheed Martin-sikorsky MH-60r.
In next few decades Indian navy will improve its naval air arm with the induction of these helicopters and surveillance aircrafts. With these capabilities in place Indian navy will emerge as a credible force to challenge Pakistan’s national security interests at sea.
Marine commando force (MARCOS) is a vital component of the Indian Navy. This force stands at almost 2,000 men. This force is primarily focused on maritime counterterrorism, helliborne special operations. India is planning to double the size of this force. Israel has played and important role in the training, supply of weapon and equipment for this force. Indian MARCOS will be equipped with Israeli-made Tavor assault rifles and Galil sniper rifles to enhance their operational capability. Tavor assault rifle’s reliability in heat, sand, fast-point and fast-shoot design will give MARCOS an edge at close-quarters and employment from inside vehicles.
Indian Navy is developing its overall capabilities at rapid pace. Induction of aircraft carrier, nuclear subs, NCW and EW capabilities, latest radars, weapon and equipment, fast boats, frigates, Surveillance and Reconnaissance aircrafts, satellites, UAVs and regular exercises at sea will make Indian navy a serious threat to Pakistan’s maritime interests in future.
It is necessary for Pakistan to monitor Indian naval modernization programme and improve its indigenous defense industry to fulfill emerging demands of the Pakistan Navy because our fragile economy does not allow us to buy new weapon systems from developed countries. Pakistan must enhance its joint collaboration with developed countries like China, Germany, and France etc to develop its naval force and overcome its weaknesses. Pakistan navy should also improve its reconnaissance and surveillance capabilities at sea and again it is advisable that due to economic constraint it must rely on its indigenous defense industry for UAVs specifically for surveillance at sea. Pakistan Navy must have regular exercises with friendly countries to augment its operational war fighting capabilities at sea to overcome future threats and challenges to its national security.