The disapproval of SPLM/A had become visible during the first United Nations backed multiparty April 2010 elections in Sudan. The elections had exposed SPLM/A’ leadership ill-repute and autocratic mind-set. The Human Rights Watch documented several incidents of arbitrary arrest, intimidation and torture of members of political parties that were opposed to the SPLM/A candidates and agenda.
The politically opponent parties and groups would become more vulnerable to the tyrannical policies of the ruling elite in Juba after the independence in July 2011. The tussle between ruling SPLM/A and its rival parties has a potential to restart the civil war in South Sudan.
Importantly, SPLM/A and a few Western political observers have started accusing President Bashir that ‘his intelligence agencies have stepped up their attacks, hitting army bases, snatching weapons and stretching southern troops thin as they scramble to meet all these threats.’ Garang Diing Akuong, the Southern Energy Minister claimed that the militias infiltrate from the north, instead of targeting the oil installations, they hit southern forces bases. Khartoum has rejected these accusations and opines that ruling elite in Juba is incapable to establish the rule of law.
The uninterrupted flow of crude oil only guarantees both North Sudan and South Sudan prosperity. The continuity of oil flow necessitates that both sides cooperate with each other. It is because, majority of the oil wells are located in the South, which is a landlocked region. The pipeline to export the oil runs through the North. In addition refineries are also located in the North Sudan. South Sudan can build a new pipeline and export oil from Kenya’s coast-Lamu. But it requires colossal finances and more than three years time. The prevailing insecurity and increasing ethnic clashes obviously hinder the new pipeline buildup project.
To conclude, the crises in Abyei or contested border dividing Northern and Southern Sudan indicate that both sides have been underplaying their interdependency. Therefore, it is imperative that the stakeholders in Sudan should act rational and promptly to devise a cooperation-mechanism between Juba and Khartoum for the security and prosperity of the people of both parts of Sudan.